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Kelp Forests

image of kelp forest[Alphabetical list of kelp forest species]

Phylum Porifera - sponges, simple suspension feeders
   Class Calcarea - sponges with calcium carbonate spicules
   Class Demospongiae - sponges with glass spicules     
Phylum Cnidaria - radially symmetrical stinging predators
   Class Hydrozoa: hydroids, hydrocorals, siphonophores
   Class Scyphozoa:  true jellyfish
   Class Staurozoa: stalked jellyfish
   Class Anthozoa:  sea anemones, corals, tube anemones, sea pens

Phylum Nemertea - ribbon worms
Phylum Sipuncula - peanut worms
Phylum Platyhelminthes - flatworms

Phylum Bryozoa - moss animals, colonial suspension feeders
   Class Stenolaemata:   tubular bryozoans
   Class Gymnolaemata:   higher bryozoans
   Class Phylactolaemata:   freshwater bryozoans

Phylum Mollusca - snails, slugs, clams, cephalopods, etc
  Class Gastropoda
     "Prosobranchs"   shelled gastropods
      Opisthobranchs   nudibranchs & allies
  Class Bivalvia:  clams, scallops, mussels
  Class Cephalopoda:  octopus & squid
  Class Polyplacophora:  chitons, with 8 dorsal shell plates     

Phylum Annelida - segmented worms
   Class Polychaeta:   marine worms, tube worms
   Class Clitellata:   earthworms, leeches     

Phylum Arthropoda - armored & jointed animals
   subphylum Crustacea - barnacles, crabs, amphipods, isopods, etc    

Phylum Echinodermata - spiny skinned, pentaradial animals
   Class Echinoidea: sea urchins, sand dollars
   Class Holothuroidea:  sea cucumbers
   Class Ophiuroidea:  brittle stars
   Class Asteroidea: sea stars    

Phylum Chordata - animals with gill slits & notochords
   Subphylum Urochordata
   Subphylum Vertebrata
         Scorpaeniformes (rockfish, sculpins, greenling),
         Perciformes (& most other fishes)


Phylum Rhodophyta - red seaweeds
Phylum Ochrophyta (Phaeophyceae) - brown seaweeds